## Slope Concept 2 – Slope of the Graph of a Linear Function

**Note:** This is the second part of the the Slope Concept Series. The second and third articles are Part I – Understanding the Basic Concepts of Slope and Part III – Slopes of Vertical and Horizontal Lines.

***

In the Understanding the Basic Concepts of Slope post, we have discussed that slope is described as rise over run. In this post, we are going to show that the slope of a straight line is constant.

To get the slope of a straight line or a segment, we determine two points on the line, say ** A** and

**, draw a horizontal line through point**

*B***and a vertical segment through point**

*A***. We then determine the intersection of the two line segments and name it**

*B***as shown in Figure 1. Angle**

*C***is a right angle since**

*C***is a vertical segment and**

*BC***is a horizontal segment.**

*AC*The slope of the line containing ** AB** is . If we determine two more points, say

**and**

*D***on the line, and do the process mentioned above, we can come up with triangle**

*E***right angled at**

*DEF***as shown in Figure 2. In terms of**

*F***, the slope of the line containing points**

*DEF***and**

*D***is . Since the line containing**

*E***and**

*DE***is practically the same line, we have learned from high school mathematics that their slopes must be equal. Hence, the following relationship holds: .**

*AB*Why is this so?

To show that the slope of the line is constant, we must show that .

**Proof That the Slope of a Straight Line is Constant**

From Figure 2, ** BC** is parallel to

**, since they are both vertical segments. Similarly,**

*EF***is parallel to**

*DF***, since they are both horizontal segments. By the Parallel Postulate, we can consider**

*AC***as a transversal of the two pairs of parallel segments.**

*AB*We can see that angles ** DEF** and

**are congruent since they are corresponding angles. Angles**

*ABC***and**

*C***are also congruent since they are both right angles. Hence, by**

*F**AA similarity*,

**is similar to**

*ABC***. Since the ratio of the corresponding sides of a similar triangles are equal, it follows that .**

*DEF*From the above proof, we have shown that the slope of a straight line, or the slope of the graph of a linear function, is constant.