Solving Word Problems in Numbers using Algebra Part 3

This is the last part of the Solving Number Problems Series. In this post, we are going to solve number problems in disguise, or numbers problems with different contexts. The previous two parts in this series you may want to read are Solving Word Problems in Numbers using Algebra are Part 1 and Part 2.

Example 7

Jack is twice as old as Rose. Two years from now, the sum of their ages is 40. How old are they now?

Solution

This problem is an age problem but it is very similar to number problems.  As stated, there are two points in time: now and 2 years from now.

Now, Jack is twice as old as Rose. That means that if Rose is 15, then Jack is 30. That means that if the age of Jack is 2x, then Rose’s age is x. Therefore, we have the following representation.  » Read more

Number Word Problems 1 – How to Solve Number Problems Mentally

This is the first part of the Solving Number Problems Series for Grade 6-8 students, a-sub series of the Math Word Problem Solving Series.

Some of you probably need paper and pencil to solve number problems. You will be surprised that if you think harder and work backward, you can actually solve these problems in your head. Consider the following examples.

Example 1

One number is 1 more than the other. Their sum is 47. What are the numbers?

Explanation and Solution

First, one number is 1 more than the other. That means that if we subtract 1 from the larger number the two numbers will be equal. That’s our first clue.

Second, if we subtract 1 from the larger number, then we should also subtract 1 from the sum (Can you see why?). That makes the sum 46. Now, since the two numbers are equal, we can divide 46 by 2. That gives us 23 which is the smaller number. Now, since the other number is 1 larger than 23, then it is 24.

Answers: 23 and 24 » Read more

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