A Practical Demonstration of the Pythagorean Theorem

The Pythagorean Theorem is probably the most popular theorem in school mathematics. Surely, you have heard or read about it at least once from elementary school to high school. The Pythagorean Theorem states that given a right triangle with shorter sides , , and hypotenuse , the following equation holds .  
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Irrational Lengths and The Root Spiral

When calculators were not yet invented, it was hard for mathematicians to approximate irrational numbers. The irrational numbers was the offshoot of the discovery that the side length of the diagonal of a square with side length 1 is irrational. But how do mathematicians of the ancient time approximate a segment with length, say, ? […]
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The Mathematical Reason Why Manholes are Round

Have you ever wondered why manholes are circular? The answer is simple. Using other shapes, it is possible for manhole covers to fall through the hole. For example, a square cover with side length 1 meter can fall through a square manhole even if the lip (stopper) makes the side length of the manhole  less […]
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